What Are Roofs Actually Comprised Of?

Although almost all Carolina homeowners understand the importance of having a properly installed roof on their houses, it’s not uncommon for people to be unaware of all of the layers and materials that are required for a roof to function correctly. The purpose of this brief guide is to teach you about the various components of a standard residential roof. By the time you reach the end, you should have a much better understanding of how your roof is put together and, therefore, should be able to have educated conversations with contractors regarding repairs and even total replacements. 

      1. The roof ridge – The ridge of a roof, as you might have anticipated, is the point where the left and right plane meet, culminating in the apex of the roof. There is generally a visible horizontal line that runs the full length of the roof ridge. Special shingles, known as “hip and ridge shingles” are crafted for use on roof ridges. 
      2. The ridge vent – Generally, ridge vents run the entire length of a roof ridge. These exhaust vents help keep attics free from unwanted moisture and, if you have an especially humid attic space, can prevent major problems like mold growth and even wood rot. Talk to your contractor if you have questions about your existing ridge vent or having one put in. 
      3. The flashing – Flashing is one of the most crucial components of any roof. Whether or not flashing is properly installed is more important than the material it is made from; flashing can be manufactured using rubber, steel, aluminum, or even fiberglass. The purpose of flashing is to prevent water from seeping into edges along chimneys and exterior walls. 
      4. The roof deck – In this case, this term doesn’t refer to a literal deck like restaurants often have. Instead, it is used to describe the structural base of a roof. Most of the time, this is built using wood, but it can also be crafted from steel beams. 
      5. The roof underlayment – A roof’s underlayment is a thin layer of felt or synthetic material that is designed to simultaneously provide extra insulation and repel water. Nowadays, almost all contractors use synthetic underlayment because it performs significantly better than felt over time. 
      6. The eaves – A roof’s eaves are the sections that hang over a home’s walls, protecting them from damage. Generally, eaves begin in the lower 36-inches of a roof, but different roof styles have different types of eaves. 
      7. The drip edge – The drip edge is a metal strip that lines the eaves of a roof, stopping dripping water from damaging the exterior walls beneath it. Any noncorrosive metal can be used to make a drip edge. 

Now that you know more about how your roof is put together, it will be easier for you to understand what is wrong with it when it starts having problems. Rest assured that the reputable team at Hatch Homes will be able to handle your roofing project, regardless of how major or minor it is. We work with clients throughout North Carolina and South Carolina to make sure their roofs are in exceptional condition. 

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